The Canadian Horse Puzzle
The Canadian Horse is Canada's national horse. The ancestors were brought to Canada between 1647 and 1670. King Louis the XIV of France sent the horses from his own stable to help settlers with their difficult life. The horses helped to clear the land, plant crops, carry children to school and pull sleighs and carriages. The settlers even raced them for entertainment.
The cold winters, mosquitoes and flies in summer, poor feed, and long hours of work made the Canadian Horse strong and tough. As time passed, these horses became a breed all their own.
Over time, people stopped using horses for farming and travel, and the Canadian Horse became almost extinct. In the late 1960's there were only 400 registered horses left. A few dedicated breeders worked hard to save the "Little Iron Horse", and today there is a population of 4000 horses. The bred is no longer an endangered species.
Most Canadian Horses are black or dark bay, but some are chestnut, brown or lighter bay. They have thick manes and tails, strong hooves. The Canadian Horse is smart and likes to work.
In April of 2002, the Parliament of Canada passed a bill establishing the Canadian Horse as Canada's national horse, recognizing the breed's fine attributes and contribution to Canadian history. The bill received Royal Assent, officially becoming law, on April 30, 2002.